‘BREXIT’ 15 months on – socio-legal perspectives for the EU and Europe

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The perspective of a European Social Union Frank Vandenbroucke University Amsterdam ‘BREXIT’ 15 months on – socio-legal perspectives for the EU and Europe Queen’s Belfast 23 9 2017 • There is social corollary to monetary unification: in order function well EMU requires basic consensus some key features member states’ model Single Market: it needs dimension However one should not overstretch functionalist arguments: what ‘needed’ because unification/the Market depends fundamental aspirations that drive project at large A call conceptual clarity: ≠ Welfare State Why are stabilization instruments centralized unions? Risk sharing (pooling) Externalities (vaccination) Vaccination: compulsory (minimum requirements) subsidized (re-insurance) Minimum requirements an effective stabilisation capacity: sufficiently generous unemployment benefits notably short-term; sufficient coverage rates benefit schemes; no labour market segmentation leaves part force poorly insured; proliferation employment relations integrated into insurance; activation unemployed individuals; budgetary buffers good times so automatic stabilisers can do their work bad These principles become fortiori imperative if Eurozone would be equipped with reinsurance national insurance systems In 1990s reform was justified by advent EMU: supply-side flexibility ‘enabling’ policies Today we need broader approach : institutions support ‘stability’ ‘symmetry’ Therefore collective action ‘protective’ Enabling protective mutually reinforcing creating resilient Symmetry: states deliver wage coordination; this excludes totally decentralised uncoordinated bargaining Institutions monitor competitiveness embedded dialogue distributive concerns mainstreamed monitoring both ‘posting’ free movement workers (and non-discrimination) as matter fairness ‘balancing act’ between domestic cohesion possible (Viking Laval judgments) Reform Posted Workers Directive: compromise needed National minimum regimes transparent predictable universal Migration creates less pressure adequately regulated markets: hence importance access security all welfare systemic level functions (e g fair corporate taxation ) guide substantive development via general standards objectives leaving ways means policy Member States basis operational definition ‘the model’ Þ European countries cooperate union explicit purpose pursuing pan-European (reconnecting founding fathers’ inspiration) Robust defense idea non-discriminatory posting Directive Improvements mobile citizens Adequate regulation cf next slide practical agenda (II): Upward convergence & performance Pillar Rights: important initiative but made (legislative financial coordination instruments) Priority areas capacity successful integration migrant workers: – Access protection Quality Universality supporting view eventual organization re-insurance scheme (‘vaccination metaphor’) [Wage Eurozone: ‘symmetrical’ linked ‘national conversations’ functional distribution incomes?] Revisit 2013 Investment Package Enhance investment human capital (child care education) Semester (CSR’s) create leeway implement such CSR’s fiscal surveillance On concept ESU: Barnard De Baere after Crisis CUP convergence: Structural versus competition: limits diversity Economic Monetary ECFIN discussion paper 065 Commission Directorate-General Financial Affairs Brussels 20 July (http://ssrn com/abstract=3011847) non-discrimination: Basic income Union: conundrum rather than solution ACCESS EUROPE Research Paper 2017/02 01 August com/abstract=3008621) Practical agenda: Fernandes Making reality Notre Jacques Delors Institute Tribune Viewpoint Paris 31 May (http://www institutdelors eu/media/socialeurope- fernandesvandenbroucke-may2017 pdf?pdf=ok) www frankvandenbroucke uva nl